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In criminal cases, the government prosecutes one or more defendants. The defendant in a criminal case is the person accused by the government of having committed a crime. At the U.S. District Court level, the government is represented by the U.S. Attorney (or a U.S. Assistant Attorney), also known as the Attorney General. 4 cases (10%) were actions for recovery of other types of claims The injured party may apply to the court to order a natural or legal person to dismiss an action or to bring a specific action. In most cases, these are plaintiffs who seek injunctions or pardon orders against the defendant. 3 cases (7.5%) were actions for unpaid fees for services Like criminal cases, the majority of civil disputes are left to state courts for settlement. Federal courts only deal with civil cases that: in some cases, the point of reference for decision-making is «clear and convincing evidence.» This means that the winner must prove that their version of the facts is very likely. This is an average level of proof, more than the «predominance of evidence», but lower than the certainty required to prove a question «beyond a reasonable doubt» (the standard in criminal cases). Paternity and custody. If a man is to be declared the father of a child, each parent can file a complaint asking the family court to establish paternity.

Thus, the father of the child is permanently established. Unmarried parents can also apply to the court for an order for custody, custody, visitation plans and child support. For more information on these types of cases, see the Custody, Paternity and Child Support section of this website. The Act deals with two types of cases. Civil cases are conflicts between people or institutions such as companies. Civil proceedings usually begin when a person or organization determines that a problem cannot be resolved without the intervention of the courts. In civil cases, one (or more) of these persons or entities bring an action (i.e. they file a complaint with a court that initiates a legal dispute).

Civil cases involve conflicts between individuals or institutions such as corporations, usually over money. Civil proceedings usually begin when a person or company (the «plaintiff») claims to have been harmed by the actions of another person or company (the «defendant») and seeks redress from the court by filing a «complaint» and initiating legal proceedings. The plaintiff can ask the court to award «damages» (money to compensate the plaintiff for the harm suffered), or they can ask for an «injunction» to prevent the defendant from doing something, or they can ask the defendant to do something, or they can ask for a «declaratory judgment» in which the court determines the rights of the parties under a contract or law. Although the U.S. Constitution gives everyone the right to have a lawyer if they are charged with a crime, there is no such guarantee for civil cases. So if you decide to sue someone or someone, you will need to hire a private lawyer. In some cases, there are legal aid resources for people who cannot afford a lawyer, but these vary by community. When lawyers help someone for free by donating their time, it`s called pro bono work. The parties to a trial are also allowed to represent themselves, and this is called pro se. Civil cases involve conflicts between individuals or institutions such as corporations, usually over money. Civil proceedings include lawsuits for money, landlord/tenant cases, infringement claims, and cases where one person tries to get someone else to do something (e.g., sell a property) or stop doing something (e.g., stop foreclosure).

In most civil cases, the judge or jury must make a decision on the winning party based on a standard called «predominance of evidence.» This means that the winning side of the story is true rather than false. This does not mean that one party has presented more evidence than the other. This means that one party`s evidence was more convincing than the other`s. Unlike criminal cases, in most civil cases there is no right to a court-appointed lawyer. That is, if you can`t afford to pay for a lawyer and you can`t get a trial lawyer or a pro bono lawyer (voluntarily), you`ll have to represent yourself.